South Africa’s “Corrective Rape” of Lesbians

south african womenTo hear of human rights abuses of Uganda’s LGBTQ population is not new, sadly. Gay activist David Kato was the father of the Uganda’s LGBTQ rights movement. To many of his fellow countrymen Kato was a dead man walking once his homosexuality became public. The country’s Anti-Homosexuality bill, dubbed “Kill the Gays bill,” criminalizes same-sex relations. And depending on which category your homosexual behavior is classified as —”aggravated homosexual” or “the offense of homosexuality”—you’ll either receive the death penalty or, if you’re lucky, life imprisonment.

Kato didn’t live to receive either punishment. On a list of 100 LGBTQ Ugandans whose names and photos were published in an October 2010 tabloid newspaper calling for their execution, Kato was murdered in January 2011.

Throughout the African continent there are stories of homophobic bullying, bashing, and abuses of its LGBTQ population. None of us will forget Zimbabwe’s despot Robert Mugabe, who treated his LGBTQ citizens with torturous action, has yet to be brought to justice. Mugabe’s condemnation of his LGBTQ population is that they are the cause of Zimbabwe’s problems and he views homosexuality as an “un-African” and an immoral culture brought by colonists and practiced by only ‘a few whites’ in his country.”

However, the one country you don’t expect to hear anti- LGBTQ rhetoric and human rights abuses from is South Africa.

South Africa is the first African country to openly support LGBTQ civil rights. In 2004 its Supreme Court ruled that the common-law definition of marriage included same-sex unions. And in 2005, South Africa’s Constitutional Court “made any inferior status imposed on same-sex partners unconstitutional.”

But South Africa has a serious problem with its LGBTQ population, and especially with lesbians.

Its method to remedy its problem with lesbians is “corrective rape.”

On any given day in South Africa lesbians are twice as likely to be sexually molested, raped, or gang-raped than heterosexual women. Reportedly, at least 500 lesbians are victims of “corrective rape” per year. And in Western Cape, a province in South Africa’s southwest corner, a report by the Triangle Project in 2008 found that as many as 86 percent of its lesbian population live in fear of being raped. And their fear is not unfounded.

“Lesbians get raped and killed because it is accepted by our community and by our culture” a South African man told New York Times reporter Lee Middleton.

Corrective rape is the South African version of “reparative therapy.” Its intended objective is to rectify the sexual orientation of women who are lesbians or perceived to be lesbians to that of heterosexual. The term “corrective rape” was coined and first identified in South Africa after well-known cases of corrective rapes of lesbians like Eudy Simelane and Zoliswa Nkonyana became public internationally. Because of the stigma associated with homosexuality and gender non-conforming behavior, members of the women’s family or their local village sometimes supervise these rapes.

Corrective Rape is a hate crime that for the most part goes unreported and unprosecuted in South Africa.

These rapes are the major contributor to HIV/AIDs epidemic among South African lesbians. To many South African men who hunt down lesbians or happen upon them, “corrective rape” is seen neither as a hate crime nor as a sexual assault. South African men are sexually entitled to do them. And it’s just what patriotic men are expected to do for their country and tribe in a culture that upholds violent heterosexual patriarchal views at penis point.

In depicting a double rape, hers and that of her friend’s, Lungile Cleopatra Dladla shared with The New Yorker reporter Charlayne Hunter-Gault how matter-of-factly their rapist was with them.

“An armed man, wearing a hooded sweatshirt, came up behind them and directed them to a field. Then he undressed us. He tied us, and then he was going, ‘Ja, today I want to show you that you’re girls.’ He raped [us] both. And then, immediately after, he dressed and untied my friend’s hand and then untied my feet and then he walked…. From a distance, he shouted, ‘Now you can dress and go.’”

Dubbed as the “Rape Capitol of the World” (A study by Interpol, the international police agency, has revealed that South Africa leads the world in rapes) sexual violence is a problem throughout South Africa, from the highest man in office to the goat herder in a small village.

According to South Africa’s rape statistics for 2011 ”it is estimated that a woman born in South Africa has a greater chance of being raped than learning how to read.”

In 2011 a woman was raped in South Africa every 17 seconds. One in four men admit to having raped and “of South African men who knew somebody who had been raped, 16 percent believed that the rape survivor had enjoyed the experience and had asked for it.”

For example, South African President Jacob Zuma is a celebrated and acquitted rapist. He raped the daughter of a family friend. “He said that the woman in question had provoked him, by wearing a skirt and sitting with her legs uncrossed, and that it was his duty, as a Zulu man, to satisfy a sexually aroused woman, “ Hunter-Gault reported.

Rev. Irene MonroeAnd “baby rape,” not a new phenomenon in South Africa, has come out of the closet. It’s the belief that having sex with a baby girl or virgin girl child cures AIDS.

But what’s not being talked about in “corrective rape” is how it too can be seen as a cure for AIDS.

For these men who are feeling the societal pressures and scorn of raping babies and young girls, lesbians are the next best choice.

With both populations of females believed to be virgins, “corrective rape” can convince a rapist that he’s doing his manly duty and he’s being rewarded by being cured of AIDS, too.

Rev. Irene Monroe

Posted: Friday, 15 June 2012

Published by the LA Progressive on June 15, 2012
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About Rev. Irene Monroe

Rev. Irene Monroe is a Ford Fellow and doctoral candidate at Harvard Divinity School. One of Monroe’s outreach ministries is the several religion columns she writes - “The Religion Thang,” for In Newsweekly, the largest lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender newspaper that circulates widely throughout New England, “Faith Matters” for The Advocate Magazine, a national gay & lesbian magazine, and “Queer Take,” for The Witness, a progressive Episcopalian journal. Her writings have also appeared in Boston Herald and in the Boston Globe. Her award-winning essay, “Louis Farrakhan’s Ministry of Misogyny and Homophobia”, was greeted with critical acclaim.

Monroe states that her “columns are an interdisciplinary approach drawing on critical race theory, African American , queer and religious studies. As an religion columnist I try to inform the public of the role religion plays in discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer people. Because homophobia is both a hatred of the “other ” and it’s usually acted upon ‘in the name of religion,” by reporting religion in the news I aim to highlight how religious intolerance and fundamentalism not only shatters the goal of American democracy, but also aids in perpetuating other forms of oppression such as racism, sexism, classism and anti-Semitism.”