Why Hispanic Heritage Month Really Matters

mexican fiestaOn this eve of Hispanic Heritage Month, I can’t help but feel frustrated. According to a poll released this week by the National Hispanic Media Coalition and Latino Decisions seven out of every ten non-Latinos believe that Latinos are gang members or criminals.

The bad news is obvious– over seventy percent of non-Latinos believe Blood In Blood Out movie characters are the norm in our community.  However there is a silver lining, these negative views are malleable.

The NHMC-Latino Decisions poll was part of a larger study that looked at how people viewed Latinos as a result of being exposed to negative/positive representations of Latinos.  Non-Latino survey respondents were divided up into groups.  One group saw a clip from “Training Day” where tatted up homeboys and homegirls were swilling beer and mad-dogging the white and black dudes.  Another group saw a clip from “The West Wing” where Max Santos (Jimmy Smitts) is portrayed as a Latino presidential candidate giving a moving discourse about his bootstrap story.    

Not surprisingly, the respondents that watched the gangbanger clip had more negative views of Latinos along a whole host of dimensions—honesty, neighborliness, patriotism, family orientation.  On the slip side, respondents who watched positive portrayals of Latinos had less negative views of them.  It’s really quite simple, the more Latino criminals and slouches appear on TV the more negatively Latinos will be viewed.  The more Latino astronauts, teachers, and students appear on TV the more positively Latinos will be viewed.

On the heels of the Latino Decisions poll the importance of Hispanic Heritage Month hit me like a ton of bricks.  Throughout the years I have looked forward to the first couple of weeks of fall when my Latin American ancestry is highlighted. I’ve always enjoyed seeing fellow Latinos, people who looked and sounded like me, showcased for their professional and personal successes.  And I would be lying if I didn’t admit to also liking the dinners, parties, and festivals that are part of the celebration month.

But until this week I had a very selfish view of Hispanic Heritage Month.  I saw Hispanic Heritage month as being about me and my ethnic group.  It was a family celebration.  Not that non-Latinos weren’t invited, but the celebration was about us.  Put differently, it was essentially Latinos preaching to the choir—successful Latinos highlighting their successes.

The findings from the Latino Decisions poll together with two years of a harsh anti-immigrant media barrage have jolted me.  I no longer have a sanguine view about the weeks that make up Hispanic Heritage Month.  This month is not about celebrating, it’s about rolling up our sleeves and getting to work.  Hispanic Heritage Month must be used as a springboard to shift popular negative perceptions of Latinos.  It must be a vehicle for reframing who Latinos in this country are.  And most importantly, the focus of Hispanic Heritage Month should not be Latinos, but rather all Americans.

Latinos both in Hollywood and society have been typecast.  We are the gangbangers, the gardeners, and the harlots.  Just like in any culture we have our share of these types, but we also have an incredible array of successful and productive members of society.

victoria defrancesco sotoThe responsibility is on us to show this side.  While it will be a steep climb to overcome these popular characterizations, it can be done.  As the Latino Decisions survey itself demonstrated that while there are negative perceptions, the presentation of a positive characterization does walk back these entrenched stereotype.  And what better place to start getting to work than with this year’s Hispanic Heritage Month.

Victoria Defrancesco Soto
Dr. VMDS

Published: Saturday, 15 September 2012

Published by the LA Progressive on September 15, 2012
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About Victoria DeFrancesco Soto

Dr. Victoria M. DeFrancesco Soto is an Assistant Professor of Political Science at Northwestern University and a Faculty Fellow at Northwestern’s Institute for Policy Research. She received her Ph.D. from Duke University in 2007 during which time she was a National Science Foundation Fellow. DeFrancesco Soto was recently named one of the top 12 scholars in the country by Diverse magazine.

Victoria’s research analyzes how human thought and emotion shapes political behavior. Her academic work focuses on: campaigns and elections, political marketing, race and ethnic politics, and immigration. Her academic research has been widely published in scholarly journals and edited volumes. In 2008, Dr. DeFrancesco Soto was Northwestern University’s principal investigator for the Big Ten Battleground Poll, a public opinion survey of voters for the 2008 Presidential election. She is currently working on a book manuscript that analyzes the emergence of conservative feminism.