Malcolm X Was “Gay-for-Pay”

malcolm xBefore any of us in the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender communities laud Malcolm X as our new gay icon or castigate him for being a black heterosexist nationalist on the “down low,” we might need to closely examine the recent revelation that for a period in his life Malcolm X engaged in same-sex relationships.

Also, before any of us in the African American community flatly dismiss these assertions as part and parcel of a racist conspiratorial propaganda machine that is out to discredit our brother Malcolm, we need, at least, to hear these nagging claims.

And this time hear them coming from one of our own — Manning Marable, a renown and respected African American historian and social critic from Columbia University.

Sadly, Marable died, April 1, just days before the release of his magnum opus, an exhaustive and new 594-page biography Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention, on April 4th, which also marks the anniversary of Martin Luther King’s assassination in 1968.

His assertions in the book — deriving from meticulously combing through 6,000 pages of F.B.I. files obtained through the Freedom of Information Act, records from the Central Intelligence Agency, State Department and New York district attorney’s office, as well as his interviews with members of Malcolm X’s inner circle and security team — leaves the reader in shock and awe.

What comes as no shock for those of us who always thought Malcolm X’s assassination, as with King’s, had everything to do with J. Edgar Hoover’s F.B.I, we are correct. Marable emphatically states that both the F.B.I and NYPD had advance knowledge of Malcolm X’s assassination plot, and did nothing to abort it.

But what will come as a shock is Marable’s assertions that the Malcolm X the world has come to know through Alex Haley’s 1965 New York Times bestseller The Autobiography of Malcolm X and Spike Lee’s 1992 film Malcolm X based largely on Haley’s book is fictive. And the spin we have, in part, is due to Malcolm himself.

In creating an autobiographical narrative that would have his book fly off of bookshelves as well as elevate his status to a national, if not world, stage, Malcolm X intentionally fabricated, exaggerated, glossed over and omitted vital facts about his life. One such fact omitted is his same-sex relationship with a white businessman.

The claim, no doubt, will become a hotly contested topic in sectors of the African American community. With an iconography of racist images of black masculinity ranging from back in the day as Sambos, Uncle Toms, coons, bucks to now gangsta hip-hoppers, Malcolm represented the negation of them. As a pop-culture hero to young black males of this generation and as the quintessential representation of black manhood of both America’s Black Civil Rights and Black Power eras, Malcolm X depicted as gay will be a hard, if not impossible, sell to the African American community.

And here’s why:

At Malcolm X’s funeral, held at the Faith Temple Church Of God in February 27,1965, Ossie Davis, renowned African American actor, and civil rights activist, delivered the eulogy stating the following:

“Harlem has come to bid farewell to one of its brightest hopes…Malcolm was our manhood, our living, black manhood! This was his meaning to his people…And we will know him then for what he was and is. A prince. Our own black shining prince who didn’t hesitate to die because he loved us so.”

For a gangsta hip-hop generation Malcolm Little, before his conversation to the Nation of Islam and name change, represents for them a lauded hyper masculinity. And their male-dominated musical genre is aesthetically built on the most misogynistic and homophobic strains of Black Nationalism and afrocentricism.

But this claim by Marable, however, of Malcolm’s same-sex relationship is not new. Reports of Malcolm X’s queerness was first revealed in Bruce Perry’s biography, Malcolm: The Life of a Man Who Changed Black America, in 1991.

According to Perry, Malcolm’s same-sex dalliances date back to childhood where he enjoyed being masturbated or fellated. In his 20′s, Perry informs us, Malcolm had a sustained sexual relationship with a transvestite named Willie Mae, and also he had sex with gay men for money, boasting he serviced “queers.”

I am not heterosexist apologist, but if we, as LGBTQ, use this era of Malcolm’s life to claim him as gay, we misunderstand the art and survival of street hustling culture.

Similarly, if we, as African Americans, use this era of Malcolm’s life to dismiss that he engaged in same-sex relationships, many will miss the opportunity to purge ourselves of homophobic attitudes.

Rev. Irene MonroeWhen Malcolm came to Boston to live with his older half-sister, Ella Little Collins in Roxbury, he was 16, having dropped out of school at 15. With no job skills and looking for the most expedient route to acquire money, Malcolm peddled cocaine, broke into homes of Boston’s well-to-do, gambled big at poker games, and unabashedly serviced gay men for pay.

While it can be argued that Malcolm’s same-sex encounters were not solely financially motivated, let us also not dismiss that the only evidence we do have is the context in which he was.

Rev. Irene Monroe

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Comments

  1. says

    It would be nice if Irene Monroe was not acknowledged as THEE voice for black SGL/LGBT people. I’ve seen this post in various LGBT publications——all of them gay white ones. It’s a bit disappointing to see it here as well. There are other black individuals who are same gender loving with well thought out statements on their opinions—–some are actually men.

    I have a different take on Malcolm and the same sex sexual expression. I don’t think it’s quite so simplistic when giving analysis on black male sexuality. And to make it so simplistic without absolute proof reduces the black male experience as a diverse human being in all ways.

    http://renwl.org/the-sexual-healing-of-malcolm-x/11944/

  2. says

    In this celebrity culture, that the media has created, the rise and fall of celebrities is their bread and butter. First we place them on a pedestal and then we tear them down. What we are witnessing hear is that dynamic in motion. Malcolm’s evolution was no different than yours and mines, trial and error. We play the cards that life deals us. Sometimes we get it right and sometimes we get it wrong but, life goes on. Out of the billions of events in his life were these “alleged” events the defining events in his life? Is this who we are to believe is Malcolm X? I don’t think so. He went to prison and we don’t see him as an ex-convict. The fact of the matter is that he became an inspiration for prisoners and former prisoners. He was a thief but those events in his life did not define him. He was a father, organizer, advocate, activist, teacher, scholar, and countless other roles he played. Why are we concerned about this? Why do we try to stamp him with this label? Who witnessed this allegation? GET A LIFE!!!

  3. Donna says

    Very thought-provoking read!

    “Harlem has come to bid farewell to one of its brightest hopes…Malcolm was our manhood, our living, black manhood! This was his meaning to his people…And we will know him then for what he was and is. A prince. Our own black shining prince who didn’t hesitate to die because he loved us so.” Perhaps Mr. Davis and others would care if Malcolm were gay, perhaps not. I’d like to believe that “manhood” comes from strength and endurance (from within) and is best found in those MEN who live a good life and take care of their responsibilities while striving to improve themselves along the way.

    Today’s gangsters, street thugs, pro-football athletes, rappers, and the like…they have some learnin to do and some accountability to accept before they can measure the likes of Malcolm X’s manhood.

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