Martin Luther King and the Chicano Movement

Panel at Mexican American Symposium at UCLA Grand Ballroom late February 1968 (l-r) Bert Corona of then with Mexican American Political Association (MAPA) Luis Valdez of United Farmworkers Teatro Campesino, Reies Lopez Tijerina of the Alianza, and Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzalez of the Crusade for Justice (Denver).

This week our country and the world celebrates the birth, life and legacy of Rev. Martin Luther King Jr, a man for all seasons and all people. It is very fortunate that this commemoration comes at the beginning of the year to remind and strengthen our resolve to work for the betterment of our lives, individual and collective in the coming year. Though his life was cut woefully short, there is so much to recall of his myriad contributions, I’d like to share some memories related to Dr. King’s work in regard to the Chicano Movement, the Mexican American struggles for justice and peace during Kings’ time.

In the months before his death April 4, 1968 at the hands of US racism, King was spearheading the mobilization of a poor people’s campaign during a critical presidential election year in our country. It was meant to be an independent peoples clarion call for reestablishing and strengthening the “war on poverty” instead of continuing the war in Vietnam. He also saw extending the consciousness of the need for civil and economic justice to other racially and nationally oppressed and all the poor. Dramatically and meaningfully he reached out to the Chican@ movement and began meeting with key militant grassroots leaders notably Bert Corona, Corky Gonzales and Reies Tijerina to be involved on the ground floor of the poor peoples campaign.

In calling out to these leaders, King knew what he was doing. I have to admit that I as a student leader at UCLA at the time was not familiar with their names as the mass media afforded little coverage of the growing movements Corona, Gonzalez and Tijerina were leading. Indeed they were either blackballed or disparaged by the corporate media. King knew though that they were real leaders on burning issues. He also knew that reaching out to the Chicano movement centered in the Southwest would tremendously empower the nationwide struggles for justice and peace for that key election year and the future. King not only talked the talk, he walked the walk.

King reached out to Chicanos in many other ways he publicly and privately supported the efforts of Cesar Chavez, Dolores Huerta, and the farmworker union movement they were building. In the Spring of 1963 in crossing the country to build the March on Washington where he gave his “I Have a Dream” speech, King made a special move towards Mexican Americans when he came to Los Angeles. A large rally of 20,000 or more came to hear him at L.A.’s Wrigley Field (then home of the minor league Los Angeles Angels and now the site of Jackie Robinson Park) among the special guests were the Mexican American city councilman of Crystal City, Texas, who were elected the majority of a previous all-white local government in rural South Texas that year. This clearly signaled that the voting and other civil rights of that historic campaign were for Mexican Americans and other minorities along with African Americans.

Corkyno Bigote, article in Peoples World March 23, 1968 on MLK and Chicano Leaders uniting for Poor People's March.

The impact of King’s work on the movement for social justice of Chicanos is incalculable. For example, in the student elections at my high school, Benjamin Franklin, in the fall after King’s “I Have A Dream” speech, in a surprise for all for the first time, a Mexican American was elected president though we were only about a quarter of the students.

Indeed the Vice President and the “Boys League” president were also Mexican Americans. I was elected president, Jorge Aguinaga vice president, and Rudy Beas Boys League president. Jorge and I got involved in the Chicano movement later at UCLA as members of the United Mexican American Students, Rudy died in Vietnam.

King’s birthday comes at a time the Congress returns to session and his legacy is much needed to influence the House and Senate. The legacy is already there in key ways. The Voting Right Act has made possible a large Congressional Black Caucus, along with the Congressional Hispanic Caucus and Asian Pacific America Caucus which work together today as the “Tri-Caucus”. On many issues they are joined by the Congressional Progressive Caucus which makes for the “Quad Caucus”. These are very important components of a peoples power base for progressive change that can be built on this year and make a difference on winning gains on the final health care reform bill, for immigrant and labor rights, jobs, environmental survival, money for peace and not war and many other issues.

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As could be expected, the corporate media is building a mood of pessimism about the possiblities for progressive change, they did so for King and the movements he led, but he was undaunted and we shouldn’t be in this years struggles. Si Se Puede! ¡Feliz cumpleaños Martin!

Rosalio Muñoz

Rosalio Muñoz is a lifelong a activist and writer for Chicano/Latino and progressive issues starting at UCLA where he was the first Chicano Student President in 68-69. He refused induction Sept 16, 1969 and chaired the National Chicano Moratorium Committee in 1970-71. He has been active on peace, immigration, anti poor people removal, anti police abuse, minority representation, tenants rights y mas. Currently he is the coordinator of Latinos for Peace and Southern California Correspondent for the People’s Weekly World.

Articles by Rosalio:

Largest U.S. Fast Aims to Turn Out Voters
McCain-Palin Attacks Fall Flat with Latinos

ist image CorkynoBigote, article in Peoples World March 23 1968 on MLK and Chicano Leaders uniting for poor peoples march

2nd Image from March 1968 La Raza Newspaper (East LA) Panel at Mexican American Symposium at UCLA Grand Ballroom late February 1968 l-r Bert Corona of then with Mexican American Political Association (MAPA) Luis Valdez of United Farmworkers Teatro Campesino, Reies Lopez Tijerina of the Alianza, and Rodolfo “Corky” Gonzalez of the Crusade for Justice (Denver) classic shot, UCLA student association sponsored it, I was the student council member who got the funds passed.

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Comments

  1. says

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