John Gripentrog: Was the Civil War fought over states’ rights? Yes, but states’ rights for what? Over property rights? Sure, but property rights regarding what? The answer to each of those questions is clear: The core issue was slavery.
Hector Villagra: We think it’s clear that because California has no stop identify and statute — and, therefore, in the words of the Supreme Court, has not created a legal obligation requiring a suspect to answer questions — you cannot be arrested for failing to provide identification when detained by a police officer.