Massive Mexico-U.S. Drug Trade: White Elephant in the Room

US Mexico Drug Cartels

President Barack Obama and President Peña Nieto of Mexico share a toast . (White House Photo by Pete Souza)

Drugs.  Whether we want to admit it or not, any discussion revolving around the U.S. and Mexico must start and end with drugs.  However, these next two days President Obama and Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto will do everything in their power to dance around the issue and ignore the elephant in the room.

The official theme of President Obama’s trip to Mexico centers on economics.  In a press conference earlier this week the president said,

A lot of the focus is going to be on economics. We’ve spent so much time on security issues between the United States and Mexico that sometimes I think we forget this is a massive trading partner responsible for huge amounts of commerce and huge numbers of jobs on both sides of the border. We want to see how we can deepen that, how we can improve that and maintain that economic dialogue over a long period of time.

The issue of economic integration and bilateral trade should indeed be an important topic. After all, both countries share a two-thousand mile border and Mexico is the United State’s third largest trading partner, while the United States is Mexico’s number one trading partner.

There is also the economic issue of the movement of people, or immigration.  Mexicans make up the largest group of immigrants (both legal and illegal) in the United States.  The Pew Hispanic Center estimates that over 11 million Mexican immigrants currently reside in the United States.  And beyond demographic impact there is the economic impact of immigration for both countries, but especially for Mexico where immigrant remittances represent the largest source of direct foreign investment.

However, there can’t be a fruitful dialogue on either free trade or immigration until the issue of drugs is addressed.  The scope of Mexico’s drug war is so large and so encompassing that not starting there renders all other discussions irrelevant.

In the last six years, Mexico’s drug-related violence has claimed over 40,000 lives.  To put that into perspective, the number of U.S. casualties in Iraq and Afghanistan have totaled seven thousand.

Mexico’s political infrastructure has also been a principal victim of the drug war.  When former Mexican President Felipe Calderón initiated his offensive on the drug cartels he uncovered what many knew but did not want to admit – virtually every level of government had some sort of ties to the drug trade.  Put differently, corruption stemming from the drug trade runs rampant in the Mexican government.

Mexico’s level of violence, together with its drug-corrupted infrastructure make any discussion of free trade difficult at best.  Investors want to do business in contexts that are stable–both at the level of civil society and political infrastructure. Working to end Mexico’s drug war is a necessary condition for bi-lateral economic growth and trade.

The issue of immigration is also intimately wed to Mexico’s drug war.  In the United States one of the strongest points of opposition to immigration reform regards securing the border and stemming spillover violence from Mexico.  Border violence tends to be linked to immigration but the violence is in fact a product of the drug trade that has enveloped immigrant trafficking as one of its spin-off businesses.

victoria defrancesco sotoBut perhaps the biggest elephant in the room is the fact that in pure economic terms the U.S.-Mexico drug trade is in itself an important economic issue.  It is estimated that the U.S. purchases between $19 and $29 billion annually worth of Mexican drugs.  And the Brookings Institute estimates that close to half of the Mexican population works in the informal drug-related industry.

President Obama’s trip to Mexico has the potential to be transformative.  But it won’t be. However, I hold out hope that both presidents will begin to address the elephant in the room when the cameras aren’t rolling.

Victoria Defrancesco Soto

Friday, 2 May 2013

Published by the LA Progressive on May 3, 2013
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About Victoria DeFrancesco Soto

Dr. Victoria M. DeFrancesco Soto is an Assistant Professor of Political Science at Northwestern University and a Faculty Fellow at Northwestern’s Institute for Policy Research. She received her Ph.D. from Duke University in 2007 during which time she was a National Science Foundation Fellow. DeFrancesco Soto was recently named one of the top 12 scholars in the country by Diverse magazine.

Victoria’s research analyzes how human thought and emotion shapes political behavior. Her academic work focuses on: campaigns and elections, political marketing, race and ethnic politics, and immigration. Her academic research has been widely published in scholarly journals and edited volumes. In 2008, Dr. DeFrancesco Soto was Northwestern University’s principal investigator for the Big Ten Battleground Poll, a public opinion survey of voters for the 2008 Presidential election. She is currently working on a book manuscript that analyzes the emergence of conservative feminism.


  1. JoeWeinstein says:

    The drug trade is the big ignored elephant because the only sustainable and effective response is too simple, too logical, too principled and too libertarian for readily embarrassed politicians (especially of the mediocre caliber of Obama) to admit: end all substance prohibition. Instead Obama will continue to zealously defend the federal government’s long-time position, as embodied in the combination of the 1970 Controlled Substances Act and the dominant-NRA-guided interpretation of the US Constitution’s Second Amendment. Namely, the US government (1) must protect and promote your right of employ of weapons designed to kill one or even many others, and meanwhile (2) must punish your possession of a certain few of the many thousands of available substances that you could choose to use as devices for abusing just yourself.

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