Betsy Cooper: Unlike “information-gathering” hacks (where data is stolen because it is valuable) or “hold hostage” attacks (when data is imprisoned until someone pays to release it), “manipulation hacks” are hard to detect: They result when individuals (or bots) illegally change vital information below the threshold of attention.
Betsy Cooper is the Executive Director of the Berkeley Center for Long-Term Cybersecurity. Betsy comes to UC Berkeley from the Department of Homeland Security, where she served as an attorney advisor to the Deputy General Counsel and as a policy counselor in the Office of Policy. Betsy, a graduate of Yale Law School, previously clerked for Berkeley Law professor and Judge William Fletcher on the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. She also completed a postdoctoral fellowship at Stanford's Center for International Security and Cooperation, as well as a Yale Public Interest Fellowship.