Black Unity: Can It Ever Happen?

HopeSince President Barack Obama achieved what most Blacks (if not all Blacks) thought was impossible, this call for “Black unity” has been an overarching theme of everything the African American community (multiple and singular) desires to achieve in the 21st Century. People who have never agreed on the same thing, at the same time, EVER, since someone suggested we just walk away from slavery, suddenly got this “lovin’ feelin’,” conditional – of course.

The divide in Black America is as large as ever. The “my way or the highway” mentality is prevalent, despite Obama ‘s name being invoked at every turn. Stuff like, “If Barack Obama can be elected President of the United States, we mostly certainly can come together.” It’s sickening, largely because it’s most commonly voiced by many who didn’t believe Obama could be elected President in the first place.

The vision behind his candidacy was absent in many that now have had an epiphany. Most had to be run over, literally, by the change they were standing in front of. That epiphany is that “some people” realized they were about to be left behind, and Black people never met a bandwagon they couldn’t catch. Opportunities for change are often lost in the “debate” (if you want to call it that) of what change is and who is really capable of change.

Whether the debate is generational or ideological, neither side of the debate really believes that the other has the answer to bring real change into reality. The “age of Obama” has changed one reality about America, but whether it changes the state of Black communities has yet to be seen.

The fact is, if we had waited for Black unity to come about on the simple question of whether Barack’s candidacy was credible before we supported him, Obama would have never been elected, because the divide was in evidence and deeply entrenched. One side had to do what they had to do. The other side jumped on the bandwagon after the outcome was in evidence. That’s a fact. The call for Black unity is often a call to disrupt the opportunity for change. So when certain people call for change, why don’t I believe them?

Whether it was the runaway or the enslaved, the freedman (emancipated slave), or the free man (Blacks who had never been enslaved), the emergence of the so-called “Black leader” voice in Frederick Douglass or Martin Delany, Booker T. Washington or W.E.B. DuBois, Marcus Garvey or A. Phillip Randolph, Walter White or Charles Houston, Martin Luther King or Roy Wilkins (or Thurgood Marshall), Elijas and Malcolm, the Panthers and US, Farrakhan and Jesse, the Baptist and the Methodists, Christian and Muslims, the Crips and Bloods, Rich and poor, dark skinned and light skinned and the examples go on and on, Black America never operated from a single united point of view.

The largest (and most disruptive) divides in the history of Black America stemmed out of questions of when it was time to change, why we needed to change, how the change would occur, and of course something we can never ignore, who would lead the change. Many times, most change agents were of the same ideology, all wanting to change our realities. Others were just agents…period. Change was no where on their agenda, though disruption was. Provocateurs are as common as activists in our community and we don’t recognize interlopers like we once did.

There is no test for “change agents.” Just like there is no test for change. It just happens when it happens, but change is stonewalled more times than not. Blacks in America just have never agreed on how the progress we say we all want can ever come about. The divide often stems from realities of what’s real versus the realities of what could be. There’s always someone who either can see the new reality or won’t see the new reality. The investiture in the status quo always seems to conquer the idealism that encompasses change. The call for unity is often a fraudulent call to accept compromised realities. At other times, the call is made by false prophecies and even more false prophets. The legitimacy questions of who’s more legitimate than whom. And, of course, legitimacy is defined by no construct of one’s own.

Whatever the reason, ideas about progress somehow never give way to unity. It’s never about unity, but the “winners” and “losers” in the cause of change. Rarely, change is the winner because of the mindset that if we all can’t win, none of us will win. We can’t move the ball up the field ten yards at a time. It’s a touchdown or interception on a “Hail Mary” pass. Some of us can’t win now and others win later. Because those at the bottom of the well don’t trust that there will be a later. So nobody goes anywhere. Just look at the absence of change in every city in America. The evidence of “lost battles” are in evidence. Change is not in evidence.


Every organization, group, cluster, “movement” I’ve ever been involved in, over three decades, was undermined on the “unity” tip. Even in the 21st Century “change movement,” the vestiges of Black disunity that causes the Black divide in the 19th and 20th Centuries continue to persist. It doesn’t mean change won’t occur. It just means some will catch the bandwagon on the other side (if they ever catch it at all). The call for unity is the toughest challenge for Black America. It’s almost as impossible as electing a Black President. At least I can say I’ve seen one of them in my lifetime.

I have serious doubts about the other.

Anthony Asadullah Samad

Republished with permission from The Black Commentator.


  1. J Rev says

    I figure the unity everyone is clambering for is the unity of a governing body that will be responsible for all African Americans that fall under that governing body. We have more organizations groups and movements than ever before. I believe people are willing to come together on this ambiguous unity but for the most part can’t visualize a government or governing body if you will to administrate the various organizations that make up the people. If the end goal is about power then the unity we seek should also be the unity of power. Black unity doesn’t have to remain an “abstract concept” anymore. “Black America never operated from a single united point of view.” But who does, really? The idea is to bring enough varying interests together to move forward as a united governing body with the idea of representing everyone.
    This is the “unity” I believe we must define for ourselves.

  2. Tiffany says

    I believe “black unity” will continue to remain an abstract concept,that’s idealized, and romanticized, by many in the black community. They associate total conformity, with uniting as a group. I believe what many look to as uniting, would actually be living in a vaccum. Recycling the same action,and responses , with dated concepts that simply can’t compete with modern discrimination, prejudice, and indifference. I don’t believe many blacks who preach unity, are actually ready to set aside their personal resentments, and intolerance, for it to be applied. The entire community extracting their personal individuality,in order to succumb to the demands of someone else, is unrealistic. Some may not recognize homosexuals, transgendered in the community. The community itself is divided, because human beings exist within it. Our tradition simply isn’t as strong enough to compel blacks to unite on the same scale as asians or jewish. But, if one were to look closer at their communities, they weill find divisions exist as well. So long as it continues to be fantasized, instead of a realistic design, it’ll remain a pipe dream.


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