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According to the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), over 30% of childbirths in the United States involve some type of preventable birth injury. If you are about to give birth or thinking of becoming pregnant in the near future, it is important to go into it knowing the risks and the red flags that you should be aware of that may help you remove yourself from a dangerous situation.

Thus the following include five types of birth injuries caused by a doctor’s negligence.

1. Cerebral Palsy

Contrary to popular belief, cerebral palsy does not happen only during the delivery. It may occur weeks before it. This permanent type of birth injury is severely damaging to the child since it can lead to a lifetime of hardship as it greatly affects a person's motor functions due to weak or stiff muscles.

Although this type of injury can be caused by a naturally difficult pregnancy, there are signs that a negligent medical doctor might have contributed to a cerebral palsy diagnosis. Some of the signs that your birth injury lawyer should look into include:

  • Failure to identify that the fetus was deprived of oxygen
  • Not performing a C-section when necessary
  • Failure to identify umbilical cord issues restricting oxygen.

2. Brachial Plexus Injury

When your child experiences a brachial plexus injury, they will begin to suffer from a variety of issues such as having a weak grip, arms, and shoulders.

When your child experiences a brachial plexus injury, they will begin to suffer from a variety of issues such as having a weak grip, arms, and shoulders. This is because the brachial plexus is a network of nerves that are located in the spine and expand to the body's arms, wrists, and shoulders.

When these nerves are stretched out too much during birth, it can severely damage them beyond repair. Brachial plexus injury often involves a medical doctor not being prepared with the right tools for a difficult birth or simply using excessive force or pulling during birth.

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3. Birth Asphyxia

Birth asphyxia, also known as hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, occurs when the child's brain and other organs don't get enough oxygen during and after birth. This is one of the most dangerous types of injuries as it can either leave the child in a vegetative state or even cause death.

If a medical doctor does not take quick action to begin delivering oxygen to the child, the results can be fatal. This type of injury may be prevented by careful monitoring of the child before, during, and after the birth.

4. Facial Paralysis

In some cases, a child's face may have so much pressure placed on it that it can lead to what is called facial paralysis. Although these types of injuries only last a few hours to a few days, in more serious cases, facial paralysis can be permanent.

Along with his medical team, a doctor must be wary of such pressure on a child's face and attempt to reduce the time the child is in that position. Birth injury lawyers in Baltimore are especially well-suited to deal with these kinds of injuries.

5. Caput Succedaneum

When a child obtains a caput succedaneum injury, you will notice a large bump (swelling) on the child's head. This is caused because of prolonged pressure from the dilated cervix or vaginal walls.

Although this type of injury is not too serious, in some cases, it may lead to the development of jaundice. In many cases, caput succedaneum will occur because of the misuse of medical tools such as a vacuum suction or forceps.

Final Thoughts

As you can see from the information above, medical negligence is real and may severely harm a child even before the child is born. The injuries on our list are just five examples of blatant medical negligence but the list can go on.


If you suspect that your child has been harmed by a negligent doctor, it is important to quickly seek medical attention and contact an attorney as soon as possible.

Katherine Webre