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Transgender rights are one of the pressing issues in today's society, and thus far public opinion is mixed. The majority of Americans support trans people's right to serve in the military but are more hesitant about other issues trans people face.

Arguably, the most prominent issue in the trans community is gender confirmation surgery. It's also a controversial issue, even among the trans community. Many trans people choose not to get it, while others don't feel like they can live their truest lives without it.

What is gender confirmation surgery, though, and what does it entail? We'll talk about that in this article.

What's in a Name?

Gender confirmation surgery is a fairly new term, but the idea has been around for quite a while. Some of the previous, now outdated terms were gender reassignment surgery and sex-change surgery.

Gender confirmation surgery replaced these terms because they implied that trans people weren't the gender they identified with and that they were fundamentally changing who they were. In truth, gender confirmation surgeries only make your biological appearance match who you are inside.

It's important to know these terms, especially in the LGBTQ+ community, because there are many forms of gender and sexual identities, often with subtle differences.

Gender fluid people, for instance, actually do change gender identity and any number of factors can decide how they identify at a given time. explains this in more detail.

Torso Surgery

Whether one identifies as a male or a female, the surgery is often split up into two parts. The main surgery involves creating the proper genitalia for the person's preferred gender.

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Before that, there's often a surgery on the torso that either creates or eliminates breasts so that the trans person looks more like the gender they identify with.

The Role of Hormones

The question of gender confirmation surgery gets more complicated when you factor in hormones. Transitioning is a process that takes place over a period of several years, and the first step of that process is to begin taking hormones.

These hormones influence how the body develops and skews development toward the desired gender. Hormone therapies will do most of the work of making the person look more faithful to their gender identity.

Lower Surgery

When we think of gender confirmation surgery, we generally think of operations down on the genitals. We can't put together a complete comprehensive gender confirmation surgery guide, because there are several different options for both biological types.

As a general rule, you will have 3 options for surgery. The first is the removal of the reproductive organs assigned at birth. These include mastectomies, penectomies, and the like.

The second involves creating your desired sex organs from the ones you already have. For AFAB, this involves turning the enlarged clitoris into a penis, while AMAB often have their penises inverted to form a vagina.

The third is to get an artificial implant that's designed to function like the real thing.

Gender Confirmation Surgery

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Gender confirmation surgery is a big issue, but it's also a misunderstood one. We've talked about what it is in this article, but there's always more to know.

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