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If you look around, you will find that the most common problem which everyone goes through is “water scarcity”, specifically during droughts. Is it that there is no sufficient water available on the earth? Of course not.

Hard Water

People face water scarcity because the amount of water available on earth that is fit for the environment is very less. Now, the very first question that must have struck your mind is, “why?”

Well, the answer is quite simple. There are various types of water available on earth, out of which a significant amount is unfit for use. To understand this concept, you need to have a basic idea about the environment.

Environment - all you need to know 

The surrounding in which you live is nothing but “environment.” It consists of all the physical, chemical, biotic, and abiotic factors.

The fact that only a tiny percentage of water on earth is actually fit for human consumption is perhaps a sign of worry given our dealing with “currently ample” water.

When it comes to earth’s environment, it means atmosphere, climate, continental landform, hydrosphere, and ocean. These are the constituents that make up the environment.

Now, coming to the essential thing in the environment, i.e., “water.” 

You must be well aware of the importance of water in the daily lives of living beings. It is not possible to survive a day without water, at least for most of us.

Moreover, the fact that only a tiny percentage of water on earth is actually fit for human consumption is perhaps a sign of worry given our dealing with “currently ample” water. But, why is it so? Why can’t we use all the water available on the earth and be fearless about the future? 

Well, Let’s discuss some reasons.

Hard water

The significant components of hard water are salts of magnesium, calcium, bicarbonates, sulfates, etc. Sometimes, you may find that some amount of iron is also present in hard water. For instance, You must have seen that when you wash clothes, there are some reddish-brown stains. That’s nothing but iron.

The main reason for the hardness of water is calcium bicarbonate. This is because when you boil water, boiling converts bicarbonate to insoluble carbonates. This hardness is temporary, and the hardness which is caused due to other salts is permanent.

When you boil the water, calcium and magnesium present in the water form a very hard layer on the walls. 

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In short, it’s unusable. Here are some reasons:

  • You cannot drink too much hard water as the salts present in it are very much harmful to your health. But drinking in moderation is actually beneficial for your health.
  • You cannot use hard water to water your plants as salts present in hard water don’t allow your plants to grow and remain healthy.
  • You cannot use hard water for washing purposes also as it doesn’t form lather or foam.
  • You cannot use hard water for bathing or cooking purposes as it doesn’t form a lather or destroy the texture and appearance of food, respectively.
  • Hard water makes it very difficult to crystallize the sugar. So, it cannot be used in sugar industries also.

It’s pretty evident that hard water is unusable, but is there something to filter out the hardness? Well...

Water Softeners

Before discussing water softeners, or more specifically, the pros and cons of water softeners, let’s understand what water softening is.

Water softening is a method of removing salts like calcium, magnesium, and other such salts, which is responsible for the hardness of water, and water softener is something that eliminates these salts and softens the water. It can either be a machine or a chemical. And chances are, you are using one; if you’re not, you can obviously purchase online but make sure you read reviews on sites like before you make a decision.

There are many types of water softeners available. All these softeners work on a basic principle called “ion exchange.” Water softeners are divided into two categories: timed models and demand-control models. Timed models are the ones that work on a specific schedule and then come back to the device. Demand-control models consist of electrical or mechanical sensors that regenerate after softening a considerable amount of water.

All in all, water softening can help you get rid of all the issues we already discussed. Here are some advantages of softening the water:

  • Soft water is suitable for washing, bathing, or cooking.
  • Soft water is suitable for plants as well.
  • For industrial purposes also, soft water is used.

The only disadvantage of using soften water is it’s risky for people on low sodium diet. Also, minerals like calcium critical for strong bones are lost, but it isn’t much of a problem as there are other sources for that.

The Final Verdict

It is well-known how vital water is in our day to day life. But, unknowingly, many people use hard water and regret it later. So, I shared every necessary detail about hard water and soft water with you.

I tried my best to convey all the necessary information which you need before using hard water or soft water. I also mentioned the types of water softeners and recommended a place to buy one in case you are looking to soften the water and make it fit for consumption.

If you still have any queries or suggestions, feel free to leave a comment below. If you have some details about hard water and soft water, which you think can be part of the content, then definitely share. It will be great to have a two-way conversation.