The whole world is striving towards globalization and the process has already started, which is inevitable. With the borders opened and the massive movement within and outside the countries, people get acknowledged with different traditions and laws pretty fast. This gives the countries and authorities the possibility and the ability to adapt certain changes and laws or terms to their own experiences. The globalization process also guarantees the rapid exchange of information.
It is no surprise that in a similar situation, some countries might take out the best experiences and practices from each other, and adapt and introduce them locally to local people. This is something that is one of the biggest perks of the globalization process. Due to the statements, it is possible to say that different countries are having quite similar patterns in laws and practices.
Talking about similarities and patterns, we can take Norway and the US for comparison in certain aspects. Both countries strongly differ from each other. People and traditions differ a lot as well. All of these determine the laws and regulations operating within the countries, so it is not a surprise that Norway and the US are different from each other in terms of ruling, living, and mostly everything to be honest. Though, some patterns can be found, which indicates the similarity.
Two of the eldest
Before we even start discussing and defining different laws and regulations, it should be mentioned that both Norway and the US have two of the oldest constitutions in the world. Moreover, both of the countries are known as extremely democratic countries and quite tolerant countries as well. While the US takes 13th place with the democracy index being considered, Norway occupies 30th place, though the difference in indexes is not very big either.
Entertainment aka Gambling
Gambling is one of the biggest industries in the world. It is increasing at a rapid speed, and more and more people become involved in different kinds of gambling activities all over the world. Moreover, with the introduction of the internet and the popularity of online industries overall, online gambling is so far one of the if not the most popular gambling activity both in the US and Norway. This is one of the reasons why countries have implemented different regulations and laws.
It has not been a long time since Norway is actively involved in the gambling industry. Until 2014 gambling was not legal at all, and only after that and certain law amendments some games have become legal, yet still strictly regulated. In the US, thus, gambling has always been extremely popular, though there was always one specific place dedicated to the players, which was Las Vegas. It is still the world's top traveling destinations and for a reason. Though in terms of online gambling and betting, the situation is pretty similar in both countries. Nor the US, neither Norway appear to be tolerable towards online gambling overall.
Only after 2018, Norwegian online casinos started to operate actively within the country. Now as the global pandemic has shaped a completely new reality, many online casinos have to change their terms and conditions and change the way they operate in order to comply with the local laws. A similar situation is the US, where online gambling is not legal at all, and betting is legal only in several states, including Nevada. Changes and amendments have been ongoing in order to improve the current situation, especially during the online world increasing at the speed of digital.
It is a well-known fact that Scandinavian countries, especially Sweden and Norway boast the outstanding education system. Indeed, their system can be pointed out by finger in every way. Not only the system is good, but also the feedback received from multiple international institutions as well as statistics verify the legitimacy of the education system. It has not been a long time since some US states adopted similar systems and practices within the education sector.
The first change that can be noticed is the interactive classes and the informal education elements being interested in the formal education spectrum. Introduction to certain fields happens not only theoretically, but practically as well. For instance, the introduction process with underwater life happens with the water tanks being present in the classrooms. Instead of cooking and recipe books, students go to barbecues and host different evenings including the poetry slams. This is another example of interaction.
Field trips and volunteering projects are instead of the excursions, and visits to the museums several times a year. Field trips teach students how to work with certain tools, showing the life of different people from different societies. It also teaches the students how to work physically and contribute to the growth and redevelopment of certain industries. On the other hand, social responsibility is evolved through volunteering projects once a month, when students have to serve food to homeless people. This is the responsibility of taking care of the ones in need of each and every one of us. Many students spend their time working with dogs, training them, and teaching the necessary skills. This kind of education gives everyone the ability to get acquainted with the world and with different societies closer. It also teaches how to be responsible and take care of others, who are less privileged and in need.
Just like the education sector, Norway is famous for its extremely loyal attitude towards prisoners and extremely tolerant and effective prisons. This is something relatively new to the US because it is very different from the general attitude of the US people and government towards prisoners. The strict and cruel prisons are something the US was famous for quite a long time. Yet, just two years ago, North Dakota and a few other states took the decision of changing the local prisons to Scandinavian models. So far, the statistics show that the number of prisoners going back to prison has halved.
The Norwegian prison system boasts a 20 percent recidivism rate – compared to the 76.6 percent recidivism rate in the U.S. – and includes Halden Prison, considered the most humane prison in the world. Sixty-three of every 100,000 people are incarcerated in Norway versus 655 per 100,000 in the U.S.
Tough on crime approach has changed and it changed the reality of prisons consequently, which is a great success and development for the local jurisdiction. The prisons in North Dakota, have completely changed the lifestyle of prisoners. Moreover, many prisoners are not located in prison even but live in the former worker's houses and farms. Some of them even have rooms with lockers. Obviously, the prisons are for those prisoners who have been sentenced for several months and have been imprisoned for minor crimes, rather than for murder or heavy crimes.
The major changes in the prisons have been introduced via implementing educational modules as well as training and psychological assistance. Everyone has certain tasks to complete, has a certain job to do, and training to learn. Some prisons have living rooms, where prisoners gather and exchange their thoughts, talk about their day and experience. Some prisoners work with the dogs and train them. According to the observations, those prisoners were noticed to gather and exchange their experiences and working day emotions with each other, just like regular co-workers rather than prisoners.
The prison model and philosophy are changed completely. Now, instead of tough on crime, we get the philosophy of "who is treated humanely is less likely to be violent." The initiators of the changes were Lean Bertsch, the director of the North Dakota Department of Corrections and Rehabilitations DOCR, and Karinne Jackson. After their trip to Norway, the DOCR revamped its training focus on dynamic security and giving people the right to make choices and the opportunity to be better.
Indeed many prisoners have changed their lives completely, and are planning to continue the same way upon the return to the streets. Unlike Norway, in the US, not many prison employees like the changes and support them. According to them, they have come to work in prison on different motives, rather than becoming social workers. Thus, many left their positions straight after. Many states want to follow the example of North Dakota, yet not many employees of prisons are eager to join them.
One way or another, Norway and the US, definitely have some similarities in their reforms and regulations. While Norway is outstanding with the educational approaches and jurisdiction institutions it can definitely take something from the US democratic values, and who knows maybe globalization acts in exactly this way.