Geographically, the Middle East is said to be a land that today includes Asia near Lebanon and North Africa, Egypt, and the land of the Indian subcontinent. From the past to the present, this region has been the focus of historians and researchers in various fields such as sociology and anthropology art scholars.
According to the report of IRENA's music reporter on Wednesday, the Middle East region has been home to the first governments and peoples who have enjoyed favorable urban and welfare facilities for centuries before Christ.
One of the remarkable points of this geographical region is its cultural and artistic diversity, which has led to the creation and invention of various sciences and arts.
Before the advent of Islam, the people of this region lived under the rule of a single empire for most of the historical period, which was enough to create common cultural roots.
Myths and beliefs of people had the most important impact on the art of that time, as seen in historical documents, stone inscriptions, and religious texts discovered, for example (Alhani in the description of Sumerian goddess Marduk), art and creativity were at the disposal of beliefs. Among these, we can mention works such as the buildings of Babylon, which are a combination of the magnificent architecture of that era and a mythological view of the universe.
There are no significant documents about the music of that era, but with the sound characteristics of today's instruments of each region, we can imagine what the instruments were like.
Some music historians believe that the tambour is the root of all melodic muzrabi bowed instruments that have arisen in the region, and it can be added that war drums and trumpets are the roots of today's percussion and wind instruments, which over time depend on the climate and This is how the geography of each region has become today.