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Despite careful measures to control the spread of STDs, the US has a hard time keeping the infection under control. With new CDC reports showing a rise in STDs for six straight years as of 2019, there is an immediate need to curb the infection and protect the health of all sexually active people. The US has seen fewer STD cases than two decades ago. But with the growing population and the increasing abundance of and relationships, STDs are becoming even more prevalent. The only way to protect yourself from the clutches of STDs is to get tested at a STD clinic.

STD Cases in the US

Whether more infected people are going for tests or the detection rate is becoming better, the alarming figure of the number of STD cases can put every sexually active person in discomfort. Since the report in 2015, America is only witnessing more and more STD cases surfacing over the years. The nation needs to take immediate action to lift the glooming STD cases.

In 2019, the number of STD cases in the nation was quite alarming. There were high rates of infection of the common STDs like chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhea accounting for 2.5 million cases. A case study between 2015 to 2019 shows that there is a rise of nearly 30% in the infection rates of these STDs. While both gonorrhea and chlamydia cases rose drastically, syphilis had the most increase with its cases quadrupled.

Without proper sex education for the public, people are not seeing the dangers that can come with prolonged STDs.

For decades, the nation has been adopting various measures to curb the spread of STDs. But without proper sex education for the public, people are not seeing the dangers that can come with prolonged STDs. The nation has witnessed a six-year streak for uncontrolled STDs, making it a national health concern. Only proper STD testing and treatment can contribute to lowering the rate of infection in the people living in the US.

Dangers of STDs

A sexually transmitted disease is very common, but it shouldn't be taken lightly. Although easily treatable or manageable, they can lead to severe health hazards if the infection is not treated on time. Prolonged STDs are one of the major causes of infertility in both men and women. Some STDs can lead to PID and HIV, while others like HPV increase the chance of getting cancer. STDs in pregnant women are dangerous as they can lead to complications for the baby during birth. Syphilis is one of the leading causes of infant deaths in the US.

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Most STDs are easily treated with antibiotics. However, gonorrhea can generate resistance to the drug that is used to cure the infection, which makes it more problematic while receiving treatment. A person may not be aware that they have an STD as many of them can be asymptomatic. So if you are sexually active, don't wait for your body to whisper its ailment to get tested. As responsible US citizens, it is the duty of every sexually active person to contribute to eradicating the problems of STD in the nation.

High-Risk Groups

Every sexually active person has a chance of getting an STD. However, the infection seems to be more prominent in certain groups and ages. More cases were reported in ethnic/racial groups. Gay and bisexual people, especially men, are very vulnerable when it comes to getting infected with STDs. They account for almost half of both primary and secondary syphilis cases in 2019. They also have a high rate of gonorrhea infection which is 42 times more than straight men.

Sexually active people between the age of 15-24 are also susceptible to the infection. They hold the majority of chlamydia cases with 61% while making up for 42% of gonorrhea cases. The CDC recommends young people between these age groups go for routine STD tests to keep their sexual health at its top condition. That being said, anyone who has unprotected sex, has multiple sex partners, or had sex with an infected person has a high potential of contracting the infection.

Every person who has sex has a chance to get an STD, regardless of how careful you are with your sexual habits. But the chance of transmission can be reduced. One of the most effective ways to protect yourself from the infection is to use protection every time you have sex. Condoms and dental barriers are effectively proven to reduce STD transmission rates during sexual activities. Try to limit your sexual partners to only one partner to minimize your chances of getting infected.

COVID-19 Contributes to Low STD Testing Rates

The US health officials were able to keep an actual record of the number of positive STD cases in the nation before COVID-19 hit. Since the pandemic, lower testing rates have been detected. The reason is that many sexual health professionals are sent to COVID-19 centers to take care of patients. With more STD testing labs getting closed, the nation experienced a drastic decrease in testing, which raises the potential for getting infected with an STD without knowing. In addition, the public refrained from going out to get tested in times of a pandemic which is another contribution to low testing rates.

COVID-19 exposed the unpreparedness of the nation in tackling emergency health conditions. The lack of medical infrastructure and shortage of health worker staff has contributed greatly to the increase of infection. As lesser people go for STD tests, more undetected cases surfaced, putting sexually active people at high risk. Now that the nation is becoming less restricted with movement, people are back for tests.

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The latest STD testing shows that the number of positive cases has reached remarkable heights and has put the nation in a state of despair. Public health officials are trying their best to implement new techniques and ideas to get more people to test for STDs. Proper tests and treatment are the nation's only solution to control the spread of STDs that have been a huge health concern for decades.