The latest data show one out of ten homeowners in the United States is either late in making a mortgage payment or in such serious arrears as to risk foreclosure. Last week, congressional Dems breathed a sigh of relief when Citigroup dropped its opposition to a proposed change in the bankruptcy laws allowing distressed homeowners to do what owners of commercial property and second homes can already do when they can’t pay up — use bankruptcy proceedings as a means of working out better deals. (It’s called a “cramdown.” The practical effect wouldn’t be hundreds of thousands of bankruptcy judges striking new deals, as conservative lawmakers predict; the mere option of going into bankruptcy would give homeowners more bargaining leverage with mortgage lenders in striking better deals.)
As long as Citigroup opposed this measure, it didn’t stand a chance. Citi’s clout in Washington is legendary. But on January 8, Citigroup’s CEO, Vikram Pandit released a statement saying that Citi “believes it will serve as an additional tool to the extensive home retention programs currently in place to help at-risk borrowers.” The announcement was greeted with kudos by House and Senate Dems. The bankruptcy provision is now moving, and is likely to be attached to the stimulus bill.
What happened? Until last Thursday, Citi had been a leader of the Bankruptcy Coalition of the Financial Services Roundtable, an industry group that had staunchly opposed the bill — along with Bank of America, JP Morgan Chase, and Wells Fargo.
Could it be that Citi’s Pandit knew last week that he’d soon need even more help from Congress than the $45 billion bailout the bank already received? Shares of Citigroup had seemed to regain their footing after the bailout. But then, this Monday, all hell broke loose. Citi shares plunged 17 percent, as investors got word of a deal Citi was cooking to sell its valuable Smith Barney brokerage unit to Morgan Stanley. The drop in Citi shares brought the stock back to the lowest level since the government gave Citi its first dollop of bailout funds last November. Citi is losing capital at an astounding rate — nearly $100 million a day in the fourth quarter alone. Today the firm posted a loss of $8.29 billion for the fourth quarter, completing its worst year in history.[ad#book-summaries-468×60]
Citi has already got the sweetest bailout deal of any big bank, but the probability seems high that it will want more bailout money. This is the easiest explanation for Pandit’s turnaround on the cramdown legislation — something the Democratic Congress and distressed homeowners very much want.
In other words, the Wall Street bailout has had exactly the same effect for Congress that the proposed bankruptcy provision would have for homeowners — it has increased its bargaining power over those who ordinarily pull the strings. The massive tax-payer financed bailout of Wall Street, largely a product of Wall Street’s power in Washington, seems to be weakening the Street’s ability to veto financial legislation it doesn’t like. I’m not sure whether this is something we should be celebrating as a small victory for democracy, or condemning as an extortionate price for reducing Wall Street’s grip.
by Robert Reich
Robert B. Reich is Professor of Public Policy at the Goldman School of Public Policy at the University of California at Berkeley. He has served in three national administrations, most recently as secretary of labor under President Bill Clinton.
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